ISA Certified Arborists

Peninsula Master Gardener Training

The 2020 Master Gardener Training Course has been canceled.
Master Gardeners are a vital resource to the York County/Poquoson Extension Horticultural Program. These volunteers teach classes, answer horticultural inquiries, present programs, and diagnose plant diseases. Master Gardeners extend the resources of the land-grant university through their volunteer efforts.

Course Overview

The Peninsula offices of Virginia Cooperative Extension are sponsoring the 2020 Master Gardener training.  Participants in the program attend all classes and will receive a minimum of 50-60 hours of horticultural information.

Upon graduation, the participant will return 50 hours of service to Virginia Cooperative Extension, through answering the phone, conducting educational programs, leading a team, support positions and many other areas.  Classes cover some of the following topics:

  • Insects                        
  • Lawns
  • Pruning
  • Shrubs
  • Soils
  • Trees
  • Vegetables

The early signup course fee is $150 before June 1st.  After June 1st, fee is $160.  Fees associated with this course will cover the handbook, other materials, and a background check.  PLEASE NOTE:  The background check fee of $10 is non-refundable.

Course Location

An individual may take the Day or Night Training Course:

Day Training Course
September 1 to November 10
Tuesdays and Thursdays, 9am to Noon + 3 Saturdays
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Community Bldg. at Charles Brown Park, 1950 Old Williamsburg Rd., Yorktown, VA 23690

Night Training Course
August 19 to November 10
Wednesday evening classes 6:00-8:00pm, + 3 Saturdays
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Community Bldg. at Charles Brown Park, 1950 Old Williamsburg Rd., Yorktown, VA 23690

Peninsula Chapter - Virginia Master Naturalist 

Virginia Master Naturalist is a statewide corps of volunteers providing education, outreach, and service dedicated to the beneficial management of natural resources and natural areas within their communities.  The Peninsula Chapter, which serves Newport News, Hampton, Poquoson, Gloucester and the lower half of York County, was one of four chapters formed in 2008 under the direction of the program's statewide committees.  The presence of this program on the Peninsula provides a corps of volunteers for the agencies and organizations that manage our local natural resources and provides valuable educational resources to the community.

Becoming a Master Natuarlist

People who are curious about nature, enjoy the outdoors, and want to be a part of natural resource management and conservation in Virginia are perfect candidates to become Virginia Master Naturalists.  It is open to all adults regardless of race, color, national origin, sex, religion, age, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, or marital or family status.

In order to become a certified Virginia Master Naturalist, volunteers are required to attend a basic training class (a minimum of 40 hours of classroom and field instruction).  After training, volunteers must have additional continuing education credits (a minimum of 8 hours) and provide at least 40 hours of approved volunteer service to the community to become certified.  To find out more on training, visit the website at

Soil Sample Analysis

Soil testing kits are available from your local Cooperative Extension Office.  Upon getting the kit, citizens should prepare the sample according to directions and mail it along with a $10 testing fee to the Soil Testing Lab located on the Virginia Tech campus in Blacksburg, Virginia.  Response time is approximately two weeks.  You will receive a Soil Test Report with recommendations based on your soil type and plant needs.   For more information, view the Publication "Soil Sampling for the Home Gardener".  If you have any questions regarding the report call your local Extension Agent.  

Soil testing kits may be picked up at the York/Poquoson Cooperative Extension Office located at 5338-I George Washington Mem. Hwy., Yorktown, VA

Engaging with Communities

Virginia Cooperative Extension specialists in community viability work with Extension agents, campus-based faculty, organizational partners, communities, and individuals to further opportunity and build capacity in five program areas:   

Examples of our work include training county elected officials, educating entrepreneurs, facilitating collaborative projects, supporting the growth of community food systems and local economies, enhancing agent skills and community capacity in facilitation and leadership, conducting problem-driven research, and creating publications and tools that address critical community needs.

Do you have a question about Community Viability?

Perhaps one of the Community Viability specialists below can help you. Contact a Community Viability specialist or direct a question to them using our Ask an Expert system.

Community Viability Specialists

See a list of our Community Viability Specialists

Junior 4-H Summer Camp is a week-long, residential summer camp program available to residents of York County and the city of Poquoson ages 9-13.  Teens 14 years of age can serve as Counselors-in-Training (CIT) during camp and teens ages 15-18 can serve as Teen Camp Counselors (see below for camp age policies and CIT/Counselor information). Camp is held every year at the Jamestown 4-H Educational Center in Williamsburg, VA.

Please note that the York/Poquoson Extension Office is in charge of planning for and processing registration for our week of 4-H Summer Camp. Jamestown 4-H Center is just the facility we use during the week for camp programming. Registration and/or questions regarding York/Poquoson’s 4-H Summer Camp should be directed to the York/Poquoson Extension office at 757-890-4940, not the Jamestown 4-H Center.

4-H camp provides youth countless opportunities to develop responsibility, independance, life skills in a camp setting while interacting with the natural world around them. Days are filled with camp classes, unstructured recreation and swim time, flag ceremonies, evening programs, and campfires.

The classes and evening activities offered at camp vary from year to year. An example of classes offered include: swimming, water polo, archery, air rifle, canoeing, kayaking, low ropes course, robotics, videography, art and crafts, outdoor living skills, and marine science. Youth will select the classes that they are most interested in on the first day of camp. Evening activities may include outdoor games, carnival games, a pool party, and a talent show. We try to make sure there is something for everyone at camp!

The cost to attend the 2020 4-H Junior Summer Camp is $315.00 per camper.

Cancellation and Refund Policy
Any cancellations made prior to May 1, 2020 will result in a refund of payments made minus a processing fee of 5% of the $90.00 deposit.

Any cancellations made after May 1, 2020 and before July 10, 2020 will result in a refund of all but the $90.00 deposit and a processing fee of 5% of the full cost of camp. 

Any cancellations made after July 10, 2020, WILL NOT be refunded unless accompanied by a letter from a physcian, or a documented family emergency.  In the case of a documented reason, all but the $90.00 deposit and a processing fee of 5% of the full cost of camp will be refunded. 

Financial Assistance
Financial Assistance in the amount of a 75%, 50%, or 25% discount on camp fees is available to youth with financial need. Guidelines for financial assistance eligibility are based on the USDA’s eligibility guidelines for free and reduced school lunches; however, we do also consider extenuating circumstances in our financial assistance if necessary.  If you plan to apply for financial assistance, you should still register online like everyone else. Everyone, regardless of if they receive financial assistance or not, is required to register online and pay the $90.00 deposit. Once you complete the online registration process, you should mail your financial assistance application in with your $90.00 deposit. Once your application is received, you will be notified of any financial assistance you will receive. At that time, you can choose to accept the financial assistance and keep your child enrolled in camp (any remaining balances will be due by the regular camp fee due date) or cancel your child’s enrollment and receive a refund of your deposit.
Contact the York/Poquoson VCE office for a scholarship application.

Camp Age Policy
A camper is any youth that is 9-13 years old, a Counselor-in-Training (CIT) must be at least 14 by September 30, 2020, and a Teen Camp Counselor must be at least 15 by September 30, 2020.

A child that will turn nine before September 30, 2020 can attend camp as a camper (Thus, some 8 year olds can attend camp, as long a they will turn nine before September 30, 2020)

Youth that are 13 years of age between October 1, 2019 and September 30, 2020 must attend camp as a camper

Teens that will be 14 between October 1, 2019 and September 30, 2020 can apply to serve as a CIT.

Teens that will be 15-18 between October 1, 2019 and September 30, 2020 can apply to serve as a Teen Camp Counselor.


Please read the registration instructions carefully.

Registration for campers will open on March 14, 2020 at 9:00am.  Registration will only be collected through our online format. If you do not have access to a computer or the internet and as a result cannot complete online registration, please contact our office (757-890-4940) before registration opens.

Youth that have already been selected as CITs and/or Teen Camp Counselors (applications were due in December) do NOT have to register online through this system.

In order to register, you must click on the registration link below (one link to register a female camper, one link to register a male camper) and complete the online registration form. You can register up to 2 youth of the same gender at once. For example, if you have two sons you will be able to select 2 spots when you register. If you have two sons and one daughter, you will have to register your 2 sons together using the Male Camper link, and then register your daughter separately using the Female Camper link. Once you have submitted the registration, you will receive a confirmation email.

We cannot accept payment online. Once you receive your confirmation email you must mail in or drop off a $90.00 deposit (or the whole camp fee of $315.00 if you choose) per camper. You may mail payment to:

Attention: Camp Registration
PO Box 532
Yorktown, VA 23690

Or you may bring the deposit into our office at: 5338-I George Washington Mem. Hwy., Yorktown, VA 23692 (Washington Square Shopping Center).

We can accept cash or checks made out to VCE - York. Please put your camper's name in the memo line of all checks or attach a note with your camper's name to any cash payments. Deposits must be received by March 27, 2020 or your spot in camp will be given to someone on the waitlist. You are not fully registered until we receive your deposit. The remaining camp fee balance will be due on May 1, 2020.

If camp spots are already full when you go to register, you will be prompted to “add your name to the waitlist”. This will put your child/children’s name(s) on our waitlist and we will contact you by phone and email if and when a spot opens up. If you add your name to the waitlist, you do NOT need to mail in a deposit. Your deposit will be due if a camp spot opens up for your child. York/Poquoson 4-H Camp fills very quickly. It is possible that you will be prompted to add your name to the waitlist within minutes of the time camp registration opens.

Link to Register a Male Camper

Link to Register a Female Camper

For questions regarding camp registration, please call our office at 757-890-4940.

Adult Volunteers Needed for 4-H Summer Camp

Adult Volunteers help us provide a safe, supportive, and fun environment for our campers. Serving as an Adult Volunteer is an incredibly rewarding and fun experience. Adult volunteers serve as caring adults for the campers, and have the opportunity to experience many of the camp classes and activities. During the week, Adult Volunteers assist with classes and activities as needed, but mostly serve as adult chaperones and role models for all youth at camp.

Adult Volunteers that stay all 4 nights of camp receive a discount on the camp fee if they have a youth attending camp.

Adults interested in volunteering must: Complete Adult Volunteer Application (Volunteer positions are filled on a first-come-first-serve basis), submit to and pass a background check, attend an in-person interview, complete Civil Rights training, and complete camp specific adult volunteer training.

Adult Volunteers must be at least 21 years of age by the first day of camp. They must also attend at least 24 hours of training with the 4-H Agent and a Saturday training session at the 4-H Center prior to camp (TALT).

To inquire about serving as an Adult Volunteer for 4-H Junior Summer Camp please call our office at 757-890-4940 or email

Jamestown 4-H Eductional Center

What is a 4-H Club?

4-H Clubs provide safe-environments for youth to explore topics of interest to them in partnership with caring adult volunteer leaders. Being a member of a 4-H Club offers youth countless opportunities to develop leadership and life skills.

There are several different formats that a 4-H Club may take:

  • 4-H In-School Clubs (for ages 9-18) take place during school time and are often led by teachers or parent volunteers
  • 4-H Afterschool Clubs (for ages 9-18) take place in schools or community centers during “afterschool programming time” and are often led by parent volunteers or staff members of an afterschool provider
  • 4-H Project Clubs (for ages 9-18) are led by adult volunteer leaders and all members in the club focus on the same project/topic area (examples include: archery clubs, robotics clubs, equine science clubs, photography clubs, etc.)
  • 4-H Community Clubs (for ages 9-18) are led by adult volunteer leaders that carry out a planned program throughout the year; however, club members choose individual projects/topic areas of interest to them to explore in-depth
  • 4-H Cloverbud Clubs are led by adult volunteer leaders and are made up of youth ages 5-8. These clubs meet year round and explore a variety of topics, providing club members with a breadth of 4-H experiences. Cloverbud clubs do not elect officers.

Regardless of the delivery mode, all 4-H Clubs are led by adult volunteer leaders, have a planned program throughout the year (or the majority of the year), elect officers, conduct regular meetings, and participate in community service and other 4-H activities.

In addition to the year-round club formats mentioned above, 4-H Special Interest (or SPIN) Clubs can also be formed. SPIN Clubs focus on a specific topic for a shorter period of time (at least 6 lessons/contact hours). Examples may include: a LEGO robotics club that meets once a week for six weeks, a gardening club that meets every other week in the summer, etc. These clubs are led by adult volunteer leaders, but do not elect officers or conduct regular business meetings. SPIN Clubs are a great way to generate interest in a particular topic or provide youth with exposure to a new, exciting topic. 

How to Start a 4-H Club

All that is needed to start a 4-H Club is at least two adults willing to serve as volunteer club leaders and at least 5 youth club members. Volunteer leaders must complete an application, interview, reference checks, and a background check, and will receive training in 4-H program delivery. Club members must enroll in the club through our online enrollment system 4-H Online. The Extension 4-H Agent will provide club leaders with curriculum resources, project books, and additional training on various topics as needed. Once established, the club will elect officers, create a constitution and bylaws, and receive a club charter from the State 4-H office.

There are unlimited possibilities for club and/or individual member areas of interest:

  • Animal Science – livestock, horse, pets, veterinary science, poultry
  • Career Exploration
  • Environmental Education and/or Outdoor Recreation
  • Leadership Development
  • Family and Consumer Sciences – sewing, child care, family life, financial literacy
  • Communications – public speaking, presentations
  • Art – photography, painting, arts and crafts, theater
  • Foods, Nutrition, and Health – cooking, healthy living, personal safety, first aid/CPR
  • Science, Engineering, and Technology – robotics, aeronautics, rocketry, maker, computer programming, woodworking, invention
  • Horticulture  and Agriculture – gardening, beekeeping

Contact the Extension Office today to start your own 4-H Club – 757-890-4940!

Existing 4-H Clubs in York County/Poquoson

For more information or to join any of these clubs, please contact the Extension Office at 757-890-4940.

Patriot Shooting Education Club – Youth ages 9-18 learn safety, discipline, leadership, and life skills through the use of shooting education. Members practice shooting air rifles and can participate in local, state, and national shooting competitions.

4-H Peer Teacher Program

Teens can learn to be a historical interpreter! The 4-H Peer Teacher Program is operated in conjunction with the Jamestown-Yorktown Foundation. It provides countless opportunities for teens to gain skills in public speaking and presentations and interacting with diverse people. Participants may also gain skills in  certain trade demonstrated at one of the five interpretive sites.

Teens ages 13-16 that are residents of York County, James City County, and Gloucester County are eligible to participate in this program. Eligible teens must turn in an application and complete an in-person interview. Selected youth will attend two days of orientation, and will then be assigned to one of five interpretive sites (based on their preferences) for training. Sites include:

• At the Jamestown Settlement: Powhatan Indian Village, Ships, and James Fort
• At the American Revolution Museum at Yorktown: Military Encampment and 1780's Farm

Once assigned, youth will spend five days training alongside a costumed interpreter to master one position within their site. Upon completion of the training sessions and successful mastery of the position, youth MAY be asked to continue volunteering for the Jamestown-Yorktown Foundation as a costumed interpreter. They would be expected to volunteer at least 8 hours per month during the school year and 16 hours per month during the following summer. 

Applications were due in March, 2019.

4-H Opportunities at the District, State, and National Level

One of the greatest benefits of being a 4-H member is the access it provides you to a wealth of events and activities at the district, state, and national level that help youth develop leadership, citizenship, and life skills.

District Contests– Youth (ages 9-18) from throughout the Southeast District gather to demonstrate their talents and practice public speaking and  presentation skills. Contests include presentation, public speaking, talent, fashion, and art.

  • Presentations: A presentation can be a demonstration or an illustrated talk.  It is a way to show others how to do something or to teach others more about a subject. Depending on age, presentation times vary from 2-15 minutes.
  • Science Presentation: Teams of 3 – 8 will present on a current problem that researchers, scientists, or engineers are currently using science to address. Teams will also create their own innovative solution to address the problem.
  • Public Speaking: A speech about a topic that the member wants to share.  Visual aids are not used.  Depending on age, presentation times vary from 3-7 minutes.
  • Share-The-Fun: Share-the-Fun encourages youth to discover and develop their talents and to develop confidence in performing before an audience.  Acts may consist of one to four individual.  Time limit is 4 minutes per act.  Categories are: Vocal, Instrumental, Dance, Drama, Variety, Combination
  • Fashion Revue: This event helps youth develop decision-making skills in making or purchasing apparel based on individual resources and needs. Category 1: Constructed garments Category 2: Purchased garments
  • Visual Art Contest: Painting, Sculpture, Photography, Drawing, Mixed Media or Fiber including a narrative written by the member.


4-H State Congress - Held every year on the Virginia Tech campus, high school students develop leadership abilities through participation in workshops, college tours, competitions, and recreational activities. State Congress is usually held in June.

Intermediate 4-H Congress - Held every year on the Virginia State University campus, middle school students develop leadership skills through fun and interactive workshops, demonstrations, and recreational programs. Intermediate Congress is usually held in July.

4-H Day at the Capital - Designed to enhance knowledge of governmental procedures, teens visit with legislators, observe the legislative process in action, and tour the Capital. Day at the Capital is typically held in February.

Teen Excellence in Leadership Institute - A multi-event experience held throughout the year in which teens develop a personalized action plan for engaged leadership and design a team project to address needs in their communities. Teens must apply to the program and applications are usually due in September.

State 4-H Cabinet - Comprised of elected teen officers from throughout the state, cabinet members plan state-wide 4-H programs and advocate for 4-H with elected officials.

4-H All-Stars - 4-H All Stars is an honor/service organization. Membership in 4-H All Stars is the highest recognition that a Virginia 4-H'er can achieve. Virginia 4-H All Stars is service oriented, and volunteer operated. The All Star's goal is to contribute to positive youth development through "service" to the 4-H program of which they are a part.

Specialty 4-H Camps -  The six 4-H Educational Centers in VA offer day and overnight camps to youth throughout the state all year long. Camps include Cloverbud, Teen Weekends, Science, Horse, Shooting Education, Marine Science, and more!

State 4-H Website

Citizenship Washington Focus -  A week-long citizenship program for high school students that takes place at the National 4-H Youth Conference Center in Washington D.C.

Leadership Washington Focus - A week-long leadership program for middle school students that takes place at the National 4-H Youth Conference Center in Washington, D.C.

National 4-H Congress - Held in Atlanta, GA, National Congress provides teens a week of leadership workshops, service learning projects, motivational and keynote speakers, and fun recreational programs. Outstanding 4-H members are selected to represent Virginia at National 4-H Congress. Candidates for selection must be senior 4-H members in the current 4-H year who are able to demonstrate outstanding achievement as a 4-H member in the areas of leadership, citizenship, and personal development.

National 4-H Conference - A week-long civic engagement program in Washington D.C. in which delegates choose an important societal topic and present a briefing on the topic to officials in Washington D.C.

4-H Upcoming Events

National 4-H Website

Welcome to the York-Poquoson Master Gardener Help Desk

Yorktown Onion

Yorktown Onion

Collecting Samples
Insects must be dead before they are brought to the VCE Office. The insects may be submitted in the following ways: placed in rubbing alcohol, drowned in water, frozen (at least a week) or suffocated in a zip-lock bag. Soft insects such as grubs may be placed in boiling water for 1 minute then placed in rubbing alcohol. Insects should be placed in a sealed plastic bag or container prior to bringing to the office. The insects should not be crushed. Provide information pertaining to infestation location and number of insects observed. 
Close-up pictures are helpful.
Plant Disease:
Plant samples should include living examples of leaf, stem, limb, and roots showing disease symptoms (all dead=no results). Place specimens in a sealed plastic bag. Collect soil with live roots from the plant (sandwich baggie full). Bring the whole plant, if practical. Include pictures of plant and parts, if possible. 
Plant or Weed Identification:
Whole plants, stems, leaves, and pictures are helpful. Place in plastic bag. (Do not include moist paper towels - increases fungal growth and rot of plant sample before analysis)

Specimens may be dropped off at the VCE Office. Place specimens and Client Form in the Green Box at the front desk. Ensure that your name is on each specimen.

VCE Master Gardener Volunteers can answer your horticultural and environmental questions year round. Citizens can contact the Extension

Horticulture Help Desk:
Phone: 757-890-4940
Visit the office Monday–Friday, 8:15am - 5:00pm
Help Desk Hours:
Monday - Wednesday 9am-12pm

Facebook: York-Poquoson Master-Gardener

Virginia Cooperative Extension
York/Poquoson Office
5338-I George Washington Mem. Hwy.
Yorktown, VA 23692

VCE Master Gardener Volunteers can assist in diagnosing disease or insect problem, advice on lawn and plant care, identify plants and
weeds, and provide other Virginia Tech VCE research–based information and publications relating to landscape and gardening issues.

Submitting a sample of a plant or insect to identify or diagnose a disease is the best practice for researching the answer. The Help Desk MG Volunteers can also assist you by submitting the samples to the Virginia Tech Clinics. Specimens may be submitted on Monday through Wednesdays.  Note the general collecting instructions in the left column or contact the volunteers at the office.

If possible, please complete the Help Desk
on-line form below and bring with you when you visit.  This will allow you to investigate many of the questions the volunteers will explore with you.

Insect ID Form 

Plant Diagnosis Form

VCE Publications  

Virginia Cooperative Extension (Virginia Tech) Website Information

The publications listed below can help you manage your landscape with research-based information from Cooperative Extension at Virginia Tech. The home page is To find a publication, go to the home page and type either the name or number of the publication in the search window box at the bottom of the screen. If you want to view lists of publications, click on one of the topics in the headline. Then click on publications in the next screen. Our Master Gardener Help Desk can also help with lawn & garden questions, plant disease and insect and plant ID.  Email or call the York/Poquoson Extension Office 757-890-4940. 

Publication Number and Title

Annuals, Perennials, Bulbs, and Indoor Plants

426-001                 Plant Propagation from Seed

426-002                 Propagation by Cutting, Layering and Division

426-030                 Daylilies in Virginia

426-042                 Winterizing the Water Garden

426-100                 Indoor Plant Culture

426-101                 Care of Specialty Potted Plants

426-200                 Annuals: Culture and Maintenance

426-201                 Flowering Bulbs: Culture and Maintenance

426-202                 Planning the Flower Boarder

426-203                 Perennial Propagation and Maintenance

426-420                 Herbs

426-601                 Bonsai 

Vegetable Gardening

426-313                 Soil Preparation

426-323                 Fertilizing the Vegetable Garden

426-331                 Vegetable Planting Guide and Recommended Dates

426-334                 Fall Vegetable Gardening 

426-335                 Intensive Gardening Methods

426-336                 Vegetable Gardening in Containers

426-364                 Weeds in the Home Vegetable Garden

426-401                 Asparagus

426-402                 Beans

426-403                 Cole Crops or Brassicas

426-405                 Sweet Corn

426-406                 Cucumbers, Melons and Squash

426-408                 Leafy Green Vegetables

426-411                 Onions, Garlic and Shallots

426-418                 Tomatoes

426-419                 Sprouting Seeds for Food

426-422                 Root Crops

426-505                 Home Hydroponics 

Growing Fruits

422-017                 Growing Pears in Virginia

422-018                 Growing Cherries in Virginia

422-019                 Growing Peaches and Nectarines in Virginia

422-020                 Pruning Peach Trees

422-021                 Training and Pruning Apple Trees

422-023                 Growing Apples in Virginia

422-024                 Training and Pruning Apples in Intensive Orchards

422-025                 Physiology of Tree Pruning

426-840                 Small Fruit in the Home Garden

426-841                 Tree Fruit in the Home Garden 

Using Pesticides Wisely

420-013                 Pesticides and Aquatic Animals

426-366                 Minimal Chemical Gardening

426-705                 Storing Pesticides Safely

426-706                 Choosing Pesticides Wisely

426-707                 Understanding Pesticide Labels

426-710                 Applying Pesticides Safely

456-018                 Pest Management Guide 

Building Healthy Soil and Yard Waste Management

426-323                 Fertilizing the Vegetable Garden

426-325                 Composting

426-613                 Environmental Guide to Nutrient Management

426-703                 Making Compost from Yard Waste

426-704                 Using Compost in Your Landscape

426-711                 Building Healthy Soil

426-715                 Fertilizing Trees and Shrubs

426-716                 Landscaping for Less in the Landfill

426-724                 Mulching for a Healthy Landscape

430-018                 Fertilizing Landscape Trees and Shrubs

430-019                 Selection and uses of Mulches and Landscape Fabric

430-540                 Soil Testing for the Lawn and Landscape

442-055                 Composting Kitchen Waste with Worms

452-055                 Virginia Yard Waste Mgt. Manual (84 pages)

452-125                 Soil Sample Information Sheet

452-129                 Soil Sampling for the Home Gardener

452-230                 Virginia Organic Recycling and Compost Directory

452-231                 Compost: What Is It and What’s It to You

452-400                 Agricultural Management Practices and Soil Quality

452-701                 Explanation of Soil Test     

Water Quality

420-141                 Landowner’s Guide to Managing Streams in the Eastern U.S.

426-041                 What Is a Watershed?

426-043                 Urban Water Quality Management: Rain Garden Plants

426-059                 Groundwater Quality: Use of Garden Chemicals

426-322                 Irrigating the Home Garden

426-615                 Pest Management for Water Quality

426-713                 Creating a Water-wise Landscape

426-722                 Reducing Erosion and Runoff

426-723                 Home Landscape Practice to Protect Water Quality

442-550                 TMDLs (Total Maximum Daily Loads): Definitions 

Household Water

356-478                 Iron and Magnesium in Household Water

356-479                 Emergency Supplies of Waater for Drinking and Food Prep

356-482                 Home Water Quality Causes and Treatments

356-483                 Lead in Household Water

356-484                 Nitrates in Household Water

356-485                 Household Water Testing

356-487                 Bacteria and Other Microorganisms in Household Water

356-488                 Hydrogen Sulfide in Household Water

356-489                 Interpreting Your Water Test Report

356-490                 Water Hardness 

Right Plant Right Place

420-181                 Value, Benefits and Costs of Urban Trees

426-070                 Backyard Habitats

426-605                 Selecting Plants: Conifers

426-606                 Selecting Deciduous Shrubs

426-607                 Selecting Plants: Broad Leafed Evergreens

426-608                 Selecting Plants: Ornamental Vines

426-609                 Selecting Plants: Groundcovers

426-610                 Selecting Plants: Shade Trees

426-611                 Selecting Plants: Flowering Trees

426-701                 Planting Shrubs

426-702                 Planting Trees

426-709                 Pruning Deciduous Trees and Shrubs

430-022                 Trees for Air Pollution

430-024                 Trees for Hot Sites

430-025                 Trees for Problem Site: Screening

430-026                 Trees for Wet and Dry Sites

430-027                 Trees and Shrubs for Acid Soil

430-028                 Trees for Parking Lots and Paved Areas

430-295                 Tree and Shrub Planting Guide

430-451                 Pruning Crepemyrtles

430-455                 Pruning Basics and Tools

430-456                 Pruning Deciduous Trees

430-457                 Pruning Evergreen Trees

430-458                 Stop Topping Trees

430-459                 Pruning Shrubs

430-460                 Deciduous Tree Pruning Calendar

430-461                 Evergreen Tree Pruning Calendar

430-462                 Shrub Pruning Calendar

450-236                 Problem Free trees for VA Landscapes

450-237                 Problem Free Shrubs for VA Landscapes 

Lawn Care

426-717                 Maintaining Lawns

426-718                 Establishing Lawns

426-719                 Selecting Turfgrass

426-720                 Fertilizing Lawns

430-002                 Aerating Your Lawn

430-003                 FAQ Home Lawn Fertilization in VA

430-010                 Summer Lawn Management: Watering

430-011                 Lawn Fertilization in VA

430-017                 Calibrating Your Lawn Spreader

430-402                 Mowing to Recycle Grass Clippings

430-520                 Fall Lawn Care

430-521                 “Leave” Them Alone: Lawn Leaf Management

430-522                 Calendar for Warm-Season Turf Grasses

430-523                 Calendar for Cool-Season Turf Grasses

430-524                 Pest Monitoring Calendar for Home Lawns in Virginia

430-532                 Spring/Summer Lawn Management: Cool Season Grasses

430-533                 Spring/Summer Lawn Management: Warm Season Grasses

430-536                 Lawn Moss: Friend or Foe? 


420-138                 Guide to Wildlife Abundance through Forestry

420-201                 Managing Wildlife Damage…Moles

420-202                 Managing Wildlife Damage…Beavers

420-203                 Managing Wildlife Damage…Canada Goose

420-527                 Sustaining Biodiversity: Frogs

426-070                 Backyard Wildlife Habitats